Sequence 5 – Free at Last

In this chapter we will be focusing on the slave trade, (triangular trade) and the conditions slaves live in.

Watch the trailer from the movie “Amistad”, Steven Spielberg 1997

What can you say about the  “Middle Passage”?

What can you say about the conditions they were forced to live in?

What was the “Triangular Trade”?

Slavery in America

Look at these posters:

Slaves to be sold poster 1829 poster images

 

Make a statement about them.

Understand a poem:

215823

Who was Langston Hughes?

http://www.biography.com/people/langston-hughes-9346313#synopsis

Aunt Sue’s Stories

by Langston Hughes, The Collected Poems, 1921 

Aunt Sue has a head full of stories.

Aunt Sue has a whole heart full of stories.

Summer nights on the front porch

Aunt Sue cuddles a brown-faced child to her bosom

And tells him stories.

 

Black slaves

Working in the hot sun,

And black slaves

Walking in the dewy night,

And black slaves

Singing sorrow songs on the banks of a mighty river

Mingle themselves softly

In the flow of old Aunt Sue’s voice,

Mingle themselves softly

In the dark shadows that cross and recross

Aunt Sue’s stories.

 

And the dark-faced child, listening,

Knows that Aunt Sue’s stories are real stories.

He knows that Aunt Sue never got her stories

Out of any book at all,

But that they came

Right out of her own life.

 

The dark-faced child is quiet

Of a summer night

Listening to Aunt Sue’s stories.


 

Who was Harriet Tubman?

What was the underground railroad?

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p1535.html

 

Want to learn more:

 

 

 

28 thoughts on “Sequence 5 – Free at Last

  1. I hate this part of history. I can’t imagine that humans treated other humans like animals because of their skin color, it’s ridiculous . These posters encourage selling slaves. It is disgusting for humans to treat them this way. I hope that this part of history is just a bad memory.

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  2. This poster is terrible, this really existed ?!
    How could people make a poster about selling a slave ?!! There is only one human race , not black, white or even red people ! NO !
    Life before was terrifying , why not instead of making a poster of a celebration or for a play………
    Luckily this was before …

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  3. I do not understand why, in a part of the wonderful history of man, men practiced slavery on black men just to make money … Seriously, if slavery continued until now, provided there were more men on Earth …

    Really, they did it just to make money … pathetic

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  4. I wonder how slaves felt when they were on those boats. Did they agree about the superiority of the white men, did they loose hope ? Were they thinking about their children, their parents, their friends ? Were they scared to death ? That was a terrible experience without a doubt. Many died before the abolition of slavery. Men can be strangely cruel with each other. Even animals don’t do such a horrible thing !

    But now, even after the abolition of slavery, there are still children that work in factories or people that work all day in gold mines, for a very bad salary and that will die early from the particles that they inhale permanently. We’ll always have a reason to militate !

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  5. For me this part of history and this period was horrible !
    We can’t explain why they did this ?
    The majority of the population in the world agreed with this !
    The posters show all the racism and the inhumanity that was present in that period !

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  6. I can’t believe money was more important than someone’s life…
    Treating people like animals, like they weren’t humans just because of their skin color is just something stupid !
    Europeens have taken black people’s freedom and dignity, they’ve broken their hearts…
    I think the worst thing is that Europeans thought Africans had no souls and no feelings. How can you believe that ? We’re all equal and the same on the same. We all have a head, two eyes, two arms, two legs, two feet, AND A HEART !

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  7. It’s so horrible to see how black people were treated because of their skin color . I can’t believe that poster was created for selling people. It’s terrible to see how humans were cruel to other humans. It’s scary the fact that slavery made more death than the two biggest wars. Fortunately the society evolved and this horrible treatment that black people received has stopped.

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  8. To my mind, slavery really is the worst part of human history. We can’t even call this human ! People were treated like animals, bought, sold, horribly treated … How could this have existed !

    The thing that really disgusted me is a part of the movie ” 12 years a slave ” when the master rapes a slave. The poor woman suffers and cries, but can’t repulse him or even make a sound. This is horrible to me and I can’t stand thinking about it. Really, god bless Martin Luther King for sacrificing his own life to free black people !

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  9. This shows us that humans can be monsters !
    Even at that time this shouldn’t have existed ! All humans are equal in rights ! This poster shows the contrary, It is a shame for the world ! But as the documantary about the middle passage tells us , there were also Arabs and Asians that were using slaves before Europeens and Americans ! Even though, it is horrible for all these generations who where suffering just because they where ” different ” !

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  10. In my opinion, humans should be understandable and have pity on others. It’s horrible to do that to someone. These posters encourage selling slaves. That´s incredible, I can’t believe that people spoke of humans like animals. Even animals do not deserve this treatment

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  11. How can it be possible ? Selling humans… buying humans… judging them on their body and skin colour… forcing them to work.. well just horrible things. I can’t believe this existed.
    In my opinion, Slave hunters were so mean and cruel. No mercy, No pity.
    This period was just INHUMANE. Slavery has no meaning : What did english, french and spanish people think at that time? Nothing, they just wanted money. The African population were heart-broken, they were depressed. Some families were separated, some children were taken from their parents, girls were raped, men worked hard all the time. What a life!
    It still exists today…
    We need equality in this world, that’s it.

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  12. For me, slavery is something really disgusting. But it was something real in the past. People were not worried about this act or event. It was so normal to have slaves. That’s the bad thing. Normal to have a slave. No one can take a soul and do whathever he wants with it.
    In my view, we have to stop saying and focusing on this part as a bad thing (which it is ) and start to see how people started thinking like that and analyzing this to not make the future like the past.
    We’ve got to be more tolerant and fight for equality ! We have to be one to fight against our problems.
    That’s the real message that we have to keep from that period…

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  13. I agree with Rim. It was a horrible period……..How could people do those horrible things?….I don’t have any words to explain it….What a terrible step humanity made, you can’t say that a person is not human because she doesn’t have the same religion,colour,or anything. It’s not because she is different that she is abnormal. These posters are horrible,they show the racism at this period. 😦

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  14. These posters don’t shock me, we all know that slavery existed in history. It was sad and horrible for people who lost their lives, families, and freedom to work like machines.

    This part of history showed us the height of slavery like we can see with these posters. We can see that they talked about humans like animal or objects. Europeans made money with them and Americans built their power with them. It was inhuman, sad and horrible for Africans who touched the bottom , but at the same time it was efficient and easy to reach the top for the others.

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  15. I don’t know how poeple could do this but it doesn’t shock me because we have heard of it and we know it existed. It’s one of the worst parts of the history of how humans were treated like objects by OTHER humans.

    It still does exist though but in other ways like maids that were beaten to death. Poeple love to feel powerful so having a slave means you are someone interesting and powerful.
    Slavery has had a huge impact since this is how racism was born. Some are treated differently because their skin colour or their religion but we are all different this is what makes the world something special.

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  16. from what I read, James Hughes was a really active man who loved what he did. He stood up for the black community and defend its rights. James Hughes is definitely an inspration for a lot of people.

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  17. February 1, 1902, in Joplin, Missouri. His parents separated soon after his birth. His father moved to Mexico and his mother moved around during his youth. So they left him with his grandmother until she died. He lived a difficult childhood. After this, he sarted to write poetry. He attended Columbia but left after one year to travel. This is how he became famous. He was working as a busboy in a Washington, D.C. hotel restaurant when he met American poet Vachel Lindsay. Hughes showed some of his poems to Lindsay, who was impressed enough to use his connections to promote Hughes’s poetry. He died on May 22, 1967. His whole life was complicated. Never we could have imagined that he will become the man that he was. He never gave up his dreams.

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  18. James Mercer Langston Hughes was born February 1, 1902, in Joplin, Missouri. His parents divorced when he was a young child, and his father moved to Mexico. He was raised by his grandmother until he was thirteen, when he moved to Lincoln, Illinois, in 1914 to live with his mother and her husband. It was here that he started writing poetry he wrote his first poem
    After graduating from high school of Cleveland in ohio, he spent a year in Mexico followed by a year at Columbia University in New York City. During this time, he held odd jobs such as assistant cook, launderer, and busboy. He also travelled to Africa and Europe working as a seaman. He was an important figure during the Harlem Renaissance.
    In November 1924, he moved to Washington, D. C. Hughes’s first book of poetry, The Weary Blues, was published in 1926. He finished his college education at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania three years later. In 1930 his first novel, Not Without Laughter, won the Harmon gold medal for literature. Hughes died on May 22, 1967, in New York.

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  19. Longston hughes(1902-1967)
    His childhood was unstable because his parents divorced. First he lived with his maternal grandmother, then with his mother. He lived in various cities before he finaly settled in Cleveland,Ohio. There he started writting poetry and he was very influenced by walt Whitman and Carl Sandburg’s poems, but some of his poems did not interest readers. In 1920 his poem “ The Negro Speaks of Rivers” was very appreciated and made him known. In 1921 he went to Colombia University but soon left to travel, work and write poetry. He worked on a boat that took him to Africa and Spain, and he lived in Paris for some time, where he wrote and published more poetry.
    While he was working in a hotel in Washinton,D.C, he met Lindsay who was impresse by his poems and promised to help him. In 1929 Hughes published his first novel “Not Without Laughter” and soon became a famous writer. During the 50’s and the 60’s, he published numerous poems and books.
    On May 22, 1962, Hughes died of cancer.

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  20. Langston Hughes was born the 1st February 1902, in Joplin in Missouri. His parents separated when he was young and his father was living in Mexico. Hughes lived with his grandmother and when she died with his mother. He was graduated from high school in 1920 and spent the year after in Mexico with his father.
    He was accepted in Colombia University but he left it after one year to travel. He published his first poem in 1921 and he published his first book in 1926.
    After his graduation from Lincoln in 1929, he published his first novel, Not Without Laughter. The book had a lot of succes so that convinced Hughes that he can live as a writer. During the 1930s, he frequently travel the United States on his lecture tours.
    Finally he died on May 22, 1967 from a complication of prosatate cancer.

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  21. James Mercer Langston Hughes was born on Frebruary in 1902, in Joplin Missouri. His parents separeted soon after he was born. His father moved to Mexico and his mother travelled during his childhood. Hughes was raised by his grandmother until she died then he went to live with his mother in Ohio where he graduated from high school in 1920. It’s was during this time that Hughes first began to write poems. After graduating he went to Mexico. He returned to the United States and enrolled at Columbia university. He became a part of Harlem’s burgeoning cultural movement, what is better known as the Harlem Renaissance. He dropped out of Columbia in 1922 and worked various odd jobs, he also travelled to Africa and spain as a steward on a boat. He lived in Paris where he continued to publish his poetry. In 1924 He returned to America and studied at Lincoln university. After his graduation from Lincoln in 1929, Hughes published his first novel, “Not Without Laughter” The book was successful enough to convince Hughes that he could make a living as a writer. He also wrote lyrics and a play. On May 22, 1967, Langston Hughes died from complications of prostate cancer. Volumes of his work continue to be published and translated throughout the world.

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  22. Langston Hughes was an American poet, and playwright whose African-American themes made him a primary contributor to the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s. Langston Hughes was born on February 1, 1902, in Joplin, Missouri. He published his first poem in 1921. He attended Columbia University, but left after one year to travel. His poetry was later promoted by Vachel Lindsay, and Hughes published his first book in 1926. He went on to write countless works of poetry, prose and plays, as well as a popular column for the Chicago Defender. He died on May 22, 1967. from my research i can say that he was an honorable man who loved what he did , He fighted for the black community and defended its rights. James Hughes is definitely an example and a hero for a lot of people around the world .

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  23. Langston Hughes was an American poet, novelist, and playwright. He was born on February 1, 1902, in Joplin, Missouri. He published his first poem in 1921 and his first book in 1926. Hughes was the leading voice of the Harlem Renaissance, whose poetry showcased the dignity and beauty in ordinary black life. James Mercer Langston Hughes parents, James Hughes and Carrie Langston were divorced. His father moved to Mexico and his mother moved a lot during his youth. Langston Hughes was raised primarily by his grand mother, Mary, until she died. He graduated from high school in 1920 and moved to Mexico, at his father’s. Afterwards, he attended Columbia University, but left after one year. Langston used to travel a lot. He was really into poetry and contributed school’s literary magazine. He also send his poems to lots of magazines which rejected him automatically but he didn’t give up and since 1925, Hughes had a growing success until he died on May 22, 1967.

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  24. Langston Hughes is a young black boy growing up around the turn of the twentieth century. He reflects on the world around him, noting the circumstances in life related to one’s skin color. As Langston grows to be a young man, he finds that he has a gift and a passion for writing poetry.

    Langston grows up moving around a lot, because his mother is poor, and she is always looking for a better job. Sometimes Langston lives with his grandmother or with family friends. In school, Langston loves reading all kinds of books, and writes very good poetry. When he is seventeen, his father sends for him to come live on his father’s estate for a while in Mexico. Langston’s father only cares about money, and does not have time to spend getting to know his son. Langston starts college, but drops out to become a seaman, sailing to Africa for his first trip. It is hard to find jobs on ships, since many crewmen will not work with a black man. He spends some time stranded in Europe, living as a pauper with artists, and enjoys the jazz of Paris. Jazz, blues, and the Charleston have taken over Paris and Harlem, and Langston loves being around to hear the music and the laughter. It is a happy, carefree time, and everyone seems to be enlightened and letting go of racism.

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  25. Langston Hughes was an American poet, novelist, and playwright whose African-American themes made him a primary contributor to the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s.
    Langston Hughes was born on February 1, 1902, in Joplin, Missouri. He published his first poem in 1921. He attended Columbia University, but left after one year to travel. His poetry was later promoted by Vachel Lindsay, and Hughes published his first book in 1926. He went on to write countless works of poetry, prose and plays, as well as a popular column for the Chicago Defender. He died on May 22, 1967.

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  26. Harriet Tubman will be the first black character to be represented on a bill.
    A symbol for the activ engagement of the struggles against slavery, because she has been herself a slave and had escaped.
    She has the merit of having spent the rest of her life, at the end of the 19th century, to release her old companions of misfortune and to have never renounced to this universal right which all individuals are supposed to deserve : freedom.
    For these reasons I think that this woman deserves to be engraved on roll of cash, to remember forever the face of freedom.

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